India is among the top 10 jute producing countries in the world. These include Bangladesh, the People’s Republic of China, Côte d’Ivoire, Thailand, Myanmar, Brazil, Uzbekistan, Nepal and Vietnam. Globally, the jute trade however currently revolves around the Indian subcontinent. India, Pakistan, and China import significant quantities of jute fibre and products, as does the UK, Japan, the US, France, Spain, Côte d’Ivoire, Germany and Brazil.
The eco-friendly attribute
It is common discourse now to dismiss jute as an industry of the last century claiming that it is losing its importance in competition with synthetic fibres. However, with increasing environment consciousness and the advent of newer applications, jute will find its way to success in the future as a biodegradable industrial packaging and construction material. With adequate focus on applied research to help diversify to more relevant and value-added usage, enabling fiscal interventionsfor allowing level playing fields across all manmade textiles together with streamlining the supply chain, jute can be the industry of future.
Today,jute with strong R&D support is at thejuncture of diversification. It remains a powerful player in the merging regime of paper based, celluloid products (films), non-woven textiles, composites (pseudo-wood), and geotextiles.
The global context
India produces 60% of the world’s jute, with Bangladesh accounting for most of the rest.
A hectare of jute plants consumes about 15 tonnes of carbon dioxide and releases 11 tonnes of oxygen. Yields are about 2 tonnes of dry jute fibre per hectare.
The size of the global jute yarn import market is estimated at 4,50,000 tonnes, with Bangladeshi spinners accounting for around 80% of the supply.
Asia is the largest producer and consumer of Jute.
|Asia||India | Bangladesh | Bhutan | China | Indonesia | Nepal | Pakistan | Malaysia | Myanmar | Vietnam | Thailand | Uzbekistan|
|Africa||Zimbabwe | Sudan | Egypt|
|Latin America||Brazil | Cambodia | Peru | Cameroon | El Salvador|
This Department is headed by Susmmita Das Biswas