Tourism today is the most vibrant tertiary activity and a multi-billion industry in India. Traditionally known largely for its historical and cultural dimensions, tourism today is highlighted for its immense business opportunities. With its lucrative linkages with transport, hotel industry etc., the potential and performance of India’s tourism industry needs to be gauged in terms of its socio-economic magnitudes.
India represents one of the most potential tourism markets in the world. It has expanded rapidly over the past few years and underpinned by the government support, rising income level and various international sports events. The Indian tourism industry will continue to grow at the fastest pace in the coming years. However, the industry may have to cope up with several challenges which will limit its growth. The growth in India’s tourism market is expected to serve as a boon, driving the growth of several associated industries, including hotel industry, medical tourism industry and aviation industry. As a facilitative measure to attract more foreign tourists to India, Government of India has launched a Scheme of “Visa on Arrival” (VoA) from January 2010 for citizens of five countries, viz. Finland, Japan, Luxemburg, New Zealand and Singapore, visiting India for tourism purposes. This scheme has been extended for the citizens of six more countries, namely Cambodia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Philippines, Laos and Myanmar from January 2011.
The Tourism Ministry has also played an important role in the development of the industry, initiating advertising campaigns such as the “Incredible India” campaign, which promoted India’s culture and tourist attractions in a fresh and memorable way. The tourism industry has helped growth in other sectors as diverse as horticulture, handicrafts, agriculture, construction and even poultry. India’s governmental bodies have also made a significant impact in tourism by requiring that each and every state of India have a corporation to administer support issues related to tourism. The tourism industry of India is based on certain core nationalistic ideals and standards which are: Swaagat or welcome, Sahyog or cooperation, Soochanaa or information, Sanrachanaa or infrastructure, Suvidha or facilitation, Safaai or cleanliness and Surakshaa or security.
- India currently has a market share of about 0.6% of the world tourism market.
- Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Rajasthan are the leading tourism destinations in India in terms of total tourist arrivals.
- Foreign Tourist Arrival (FTAs) during the Month of June 2014 was 4.92 lakh as compared to FTAs of 4.51 lakh during the month of June 2013 and 4.33 lakh in June 2012.
- There has been a growth of 9.0% in June 2014 over June 2013 as compared to a growth of 4.1% registered in June 2013 over June 2012.
- FTAs during the period January-June 2014 were 35.43 lakh with a growth of 5.2% , as compared to the FTAs of 33.68 lakh with a growth of 4.5% during January-June 2013 over the corresponding period of 2012.
- Foreign Exchange Earning (FEEs) during the month of June 2014 were `8,458 crore as compared to `7,149 crore in June 2013 and `6,485 crore in June 2012.
- The growth rate in FEEs in rupee terms in June 2014 over June 2013 was 18.3% as compared to 10.2% in June 2013 over June 2012.
- FEE from tourism in rupee terms during January-June 2014 were `56,760 crore with a growth of 10.0%, as compared to the FEE of `51,587 crore with a growth of 17.9% during January-June 2013 over the corresponding period of 2012.
- FEEs in US$ terms during the month of June 2014 were US$ 1.440 billion as compared to FEEs of US$ 1.227 billion during the month of June 2013 and US$ 1.158 billion in June 2012.
- The growth rate in FEEs in US$ terms in June 2014 over June 2013 was growth of 17.4% as compared to the growth of 6.0% in June 2013 over June 2012.
- FEE from tourism in terms of US$ during January-June 2014 were US$ 9.334 billion with a negative growth of 0.8%, as compared to US$ 9.408 billion with a growth of 11.3% during January-June 2013 over the corresponding period of 2012.
- India has been promoting its healthcare tourism by providing the visitors with private healthcare facilities.
- The tourism sector in India is projected to grow by 7.9% per annum, between 2010 to 2017.
- The Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflow in the Hotel & Tourism sector from April 2000 to December 2010 as per Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, Ministry of Commerce & Industry is Rs.10,304.89 Crore.
This Department is headed by Mr Bodhisattwa Mukherjee.