Jharkhand

Jharkhand

Indian Chamber of Commerce has a state office in Ranchi, Jharkhand.

Jharkhand is the youngest state of India with total geographical area of 79, 714 sqkm. It is the 28th state of the Indian Union which was brought into existence by the Bihar reorganization Act on November 15, 2000. Jharkhand is located in eastern India and is surrounded by Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh to the west, Orissa to the south, and West Bengal to the east. It is divided into 5 divisions and 24 districts. The capital city of the state is Ranchi. Sone, North Koel, Damodar, Baraker, Swarnarekha & Kharkai are the main rivers of the Jharkhand.

Jharkhand has a rich variety of flora and fauna. The National Parks and the Zoological Gardens located here presents a panorama of this variety. Betla National Park in the Palamu covering an area of about 250 square kilometers has a large variety of wildlife. In 1974, the park was declared a Project Tiger Reserve. Being one of the richest mineral zones in the world, Jharkhand boasts of around 40 per cent and 29 per cent of India’s mineral resources and coal reserves, respectively. Other minerals found in the state are iron ore, copper, mica, uranium, bauxite, limestone, granite, silver, magnetite, graphite and dolomite. The state has predominantly rural area and only 2.25% of the total geographical area is under urban. Jharkhand has a total road length of around 299,209 km. There are 15 National Highways (NH) running through Jharkhand. While the total length of the National Highways is 2,374 km, state highways measures around 6,880 km.  The Golden Quadrangular Super Highway also passes through the State. Jharkhand is well connected through the railway network. The total length of railways in the state is 2,181.93 km. Jharkhand has one domestic airport at its capital Ranchi which is well connected with all the major cities.

Economy of Jharkhand:

Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) expanded at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 9.09 per cent between 2004-05 and 2015-16 whereas the Net State Domestic Product (NSDP) expanded at a CAGR of 8.93 per cent during the same period.  Between 2004-05 and 2015-16 agriculture grew at an average annual of 9.2 percent and the whole of the agriculture and allied sector at 8.6 percent. The agriculture growth rate was 7.8 percent whereas the industry and service sectors’ growth rates were 12.6 percent and 10.2 percent respectively. The per capita income of the state at current prices has grown at a compound annual rate of (CAGR) 11.13 percent between 2004-05 and 2015-16 and 13.68 percent between 2012-13 and 2015- 16. While between 2004-05 and 2014-15, the primary and secondary sectors have grown at a CAGR of 10.5 per cent and 7.9 per cent, respectively, the tertiary sector expanded a CAGR of 10 per cent during the same period.

Jharkhand Industrial and Investment Promotion Policy 2016 have been drafted in order to foster manufacturing and innovation, create employment opportunities and state-of-the-art infrastructure and enhance inclusivity through various sectors of the state.

 

Social Infrastructure:

Education

Jharkhand has been a popular educational destination in the country. Presence of highly-prestigious centers of learning including Birla Institute of Technology and Indian School of Mines are among the institutes of repute which offer cutting-edge programmes in wide-ranging disciplines. The Schools in the state are either affiliated to the state board of secondary education or to the CBSE or ICSE. The literacy rate of the state was recorded as 67.63 per cent. Male literacy rate in the state is 78.45 per cent and female literacy rate is 56.21 per cent. Gross enrolment ratio at the higher education level has been 13.1 while at the primary level its 110.23 and middle-school level has been 95.25 during 2013-14.

Health

The state stresses upon empowerment of women and inclusion of non-profit organizations to achieve its objectives. The broad objectives of the state’s Department of Health include enhancing maternal and child healthcare, stabilising population growth and improving nutritional status. Jharkhand has 346 primary health centres (PHCs), 3,964 sub-centres, 24 district-level hospitals, 13 sub-district hospitals and 256 community health centres (CHCs). The state government has built a 500-bed hospital at Ranchi. In 2014-15, the state government has built 208 sub centres, 39 primary health centres and four community health centres. In the 2015-16 budget, the state government has announced plans to built five community health centres, 25 primary health centres and 50 sub centres.

Power:

Jharkhand had a total installed power generation capacity of 2,625.88 MW as of November 2015, which comprised 1,324.05 MW under state utilities, 916.00 MW under the private sector and 385.86 MW under central utilities. Backed by large coal reserves in the state, of the total installed power generation capacity in the state, 2,404.93 MW of capacity was contributed by coal-based thermal power plants.  Jharkhand had a total installed power generation capacity of 2,625.88 MW, which comprised 1,324.05 MW under state utilities, 916.00 MW under the private sector and 385.86 MW under central utilities. Department of Energy has brought out Jharkhand State Solar Power Policy 2015 in the state for development of Solar Power. Besides, the state has total 200.9 MW of installed hydropower generation capacity and 20.05 MW from renewable sources. As of March 2015, the state’s average per capita power consumption stood at around 650 kWh.

 

Key Industries:

  • Mining and mineral extraction
  • Drugs and Pharmaceuticals
  • Engineering
  • Steel Industry
  • Chemicals
  • Handloom
  • Food and beverages
  • Automotive
  • Cement

Potential Industries:

  • Agro-Food Processing Based Industries
  • Information Technology
  • Power Sector
  • Tourism
  • Sericulture
  • Textile, hosiery, knitwear
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